SB 1100 -- Firearms Transfers
Raises the age to buy all legal firearms from 18 to 21. Californians were already barred from buying handguns until age 21. Military members, law enforcement and those with hunting licenses are exempt.
AB 3129 -- Firearms Prohibited Persons
Creates a lifetime ban on gun ownership for anyone convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence. It only applies to convictions after Jan. 1, 2019 and is not retroactive.
AB 2103 -- License to Carry Concealed Weapons
Requires that anyone wanting to carry a concealed weapon undergo a minimum of eight hours of training on firearm safety, handling and technique. In addition, applicants would need to demonstrate how to safely handle and shoot a firearm and perform a live-fire shooting exercise at a firing range. Local sheriffs and police chiefs would still issue concealed weapons permits.
Proposition 63 -- Ammunition Purchases
Passed by voters in 2016, beginning July 1, 2019, ammunition dealers will be required to check with the Department of Justice at the time of purchase that individuals seeking to buy ammunition are not prohibited persons.
Police Transparency Laws
AB 748 -- Video and Audio Recordings Disclosure
Requires the release of recordings from body-worn cameras within 45 days of an incident, including if officers fired shots or if a use-of-force causes death or great bodily harm. Law goes into effect July 1, 2019.
SB 1421 -- Release of Records
Will make investigations of use-of-force, sexual assault and lying while on duty open to the public. Currently, those investigation records are kept confidential.
Sexual Harassment Laws
The law invalidates any provision in a contract or settlement agreement that waives a person’s right to testify in an administrative, legislative or judicial proceeding concerning alleged criminal conduct or sexual harassment.
SB 820 -- Settlement Agreement: Confidentiality
This law prevents non-disclosure provisions in settlement agreements in civil or administrative complaints of sexual assault, sexual harassment and workplace harassment. This will prohibit courts from entering orders that restrict the disclosure of information in harassment cases.
Current law allows an employer to inform a prospective employer if they would rehire the employee. Such communication is deemed privileged and protected from defamation lawsuits. AB 2770 allows the previous employer to also tell the prospective employer if the applicant received a credible accusation of sexual harassment. The previous employer can also say if they did not re-hire the employee due to a sexual harassment complaint.
Expands employee harassment protections to include those who are not only employers but who could help establish a business, service or professional relationship. This could include doctors, lawyers, landlords, elected officials and more.
Expands liability under the Fair Employment and Housing Act, or FEHA. It lowers the burden of proof to establish harassment and provides stricter guidance on what is or isn’t unlawful harassment. It also expands protections from harassment by contractors, rather than just sexual harassment. Defendants can’t be awarded attorney’s costs unless the action was frivolous. It prohibits release of claims under FEHA in exchange for a raise, a bonus or as a condition of employment or continued employment.
SB 1343 -- Sexual Harassment Training
Requires employers with five or more employees to provide two hours of sexual harassment prevention to all supervisory employees and at least one hour of sexual harassment training to nonsupervisory employees by Jan. 1, 2020. Training should take place every two years after that. Employers also need to make the training available in multiple languages.
SB 826 -- Corporations: Boards of Directors
Requires public California companies to have at least one woman on their board of directors by the end of 2019. That requirement goes up to two if the company has five directors by 2021 or to three if the company has six or more directors.
SB 970 -- Human Trafficking Awareness
Requires 20 minutes of training regarding human trafficking awareness for hotel employees who are likely to meet victims of human trafficking. This would include employees in reception areas and housekeeping.
AB 1976 -- Lactation Accommodation
Employers already need to provide rooms for mothers to pump breast milk for their babies. This law says those areas cannot be in bathrooms.
AB 2610 -- Meal Periods: Commercial Drivers
Currently, employers are required to give a 30-minute meal break to any employee who works more than five hours per day. The meal break must start before the end of the fifth hour of work. AB 2010 allows commercial drivers to start their meal break after the sixth hour if they are transporting items from a commercial feed manufacturer to a customer located in a remote rural location and the driver earns one and a half times the state minimum wage for overtime.
SB 1123 -- Disability Compensation: Paid Family Leave
Expands California Paid Family Leave Act to include time off to participate in active duty for spouses in the military.
AB 1793 -- Cannabis Convictions: Resentencing
The California Department of Justice will need to review all marijuana convictions that would be reduced or expunged due to voters approving marijuana for recreational-use in 2016. The deadline is July 1, 2019.
AB 2020 -- Cannabis: Temporary Event License
Gives local lawmakers the power to license venues for temporary cannabis events. The California Bureau of Cannabis Control and law enforcement officers still can revoke a permit or end an event for any unlawful or unpermitted activity at an event.
SB 946 -- Street Vendors
Prohibits local governments from banning street vendors from selling food or other products. Instead, they will be required to set up a licensing system if they want to limit the practice. In addition, violations of local rules can only be punished with citations or fines, not criminal charges.
AB 1871 -- School Meals
Beginning next school year, charter schools will be required to provide low-income students with one nutritious meal each school day. Those students must also be offered reduced-price meals. Public schools already have this requirement.
Traffic Safety Laws
AB 1755 -- Bicycle Hit-and-Run on Bike Paths
Hit-and-run laws will be expanded to include bicyclists on bike paths. That means, if a bicyclist hits a person, resulting in a death or injury, the bicyclist must stay at the scene. The bicyclist can be held accountable, CHP said.
AB 3077 -- Bicycle Helmets
Anyone younger than 18 not wearing a helmet on a bicycle, scooter, skateboard or skates will be issued a “fix-it” citation. If the minor can show they took a bicycle safety course and has a helmet that meets safety standards within 120 days, the citation will be non-punishable.
AB 2989 -- Helmets and Motorized Scooters
Helmets are no longer required for motorized scooter riders over 18 or older. Motorized scooters are also allowed on Class IV and Class II bike paths. It is still illegal to ride a motorized scooter on a sidewalk. The law also allows scooters to ride on roads with speed limits up to 35 mph.
AB 1824 -- Fine for loud vehicle exhausts
Drivers in a vehicle or motorcycle with an excessively loud exhaust will be fined. Previously, they would have been cited with a “fix-it” ticket.
AB 2115 -- Passing waste management vehicles
Drivers must move to an adjacent lane or slow down when attempting to pass a waste collection truck with its amber lights flashing. The law aims to create a safety margin for sanitation workers.
SB 1046 -- DUI: Ignition Interlock Device
Drivers who have been convicted of two DUIs will have to install breathalyzers, or ignition interlock devices, in order to start their vehicles. This allows drivers to keep their driving privileges instead of having their licenses suspended.
SB 10 -- The End of Cash Bail
Beginning in October 2019, California will get rid of cash bail for suspects awaiting trial. Instead of putting up money to obtain their release, people charged with a felony will go through a pre-trial risk assessment. If a judge releases them, they would be supervised by a government agency or business contracted to handle that task. People arrested for most misdemeanors would be booked and released without an assessment.
AB 216 -- Vote by Mail: Prepaid Postage
Voting is about to get a little less expensive. Starting next year, election officials must include a return envelope with prepaid postage when delivering vote-by-mail ballots. Local agencies can ask the state to reimburse them for the new costs.
SB 1448 -- Doctor Probation Disclosure
Starting July 1, doctors will have to inform patients if they are on probation before they can offer treatment. The law applies to physicians, surgeons, podiatrists, acupuncturists, chiropractors and osteopathic and naturopathic doctors.
Pet stores are banned from selling a dog, cat or rabbit unless it was obtained from a public animal control agency or shelter, society for the prevention of cruelty to animals shelter, humane society shelter or rescue group.
SB 179 -- Gender identity on driver's licenses
Beginning Jan. 1, 2019, people applying for new driver's licenses or renewing their driver's licenses will be able to chose female, male or nonbinary as their gender.